GenLens: A Systematic Evaluation of Visual GenAI Model Outputs

GenLens: A Systematic Evaluation of Visual GenAI Model Outputs

Lin T, Pfister H, and Wang J.

IEEE Pacific Visualization Conference (PacificVis), 2024.

The rapid development of generative AI (GenAI) models in computer vision necessitates effective evaluation methods to ensure their quality and fairness. Existing tools primarily focus on dataset quality assurance and model explainability, leaving a significant gap in GenAI output evaluation during model development. Current practices often depend on developers’ subjective visual assessments, which may lack scalability and generalizability. This paper bridges this gap by conducting a formative study with GenAI model developers in an industrial setting. Our findings led to the development of GenLens, a visual analytic interface designed for the systematic evaluation of GenAI model outputs during the early stages of model development. GenLens offers a quantifiable approach for overviewing and annotating failure cases, customizing issue tags and classifications, and aggregating annotations from multiple users to enhance collaboration. A user study with model developers reveals that GenLens effectively enhances their workflow, evidenced by high satisfaction rates and a strong intent to integrate it into their practices. This research underscores the importance of robust early-stage evaluation tools in GenAI development, contributing to the advancement of fair and high-quality GenAI models.


This work is supported by NSF grant III-2107328 and Adobe Research.